英検1級 エッセイ集 サイエンス

エッセイ集
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はじめに

ここでは英検1級のサイエンスについて記載します。サイエンスはよく出る話題の一つです。多くの場合特定の科学技術の是非を問います。医療技術、宇宙技術、自動車技術、原子力技術等を実際に自分の考えに即して、書いて準備しておいてください。

例文は私の練習帳から抜き出しました。ネイティブチェックは受けていません。簡単ながら考え方(エッセイの草案)を記載しています。

実際の英検1級の試験時はこの草案とフォーマットに基づいて淡々と文章を書いていく作業になります。この草案を短時間で作れることが重要ですので意識して練習してください。またこの草案を短時間で作る力は、2次試験でのスピーチで必要になります。

また、自分で書いた文章は2次試験で使えるので、保管しておくことを推奨します。

添削についてですが、基本的にはなくても大丈夫です。私は何とかなりました。ただ不安な方もいるかと思います。

幸いインターネットの時代になり、手軽にネイティブから添削をいただくことができるようになりました。

以下のリンクから添削を受けることができますので、不安な方は利用してみるとよいかとおもいます。

宇宙科学に投資すべきか?

回答例

Some people say that technology is just a waste of money and is not used for practical life.
However, I think that space-related technology is a good investment.It is useful for future generations because it reduces the effect of human activity on our planet.Also, by using it, we can learn more about space, proving how valuable the earth is.
First, space technology can investigate outer space in greater precision.Some scientists are searching for planets similar to the earth to live in.
Now that our population is increasing, it is increasingly important to find earth-like planets.
Space technology will contribute to this.
Secondly, breakthroughs of this technology will also find new energy sources.
We consume huge energy resources such as oil and coal.Some scientists predicts that in the near future, fossil fuels will not compensate for the conventional energy which we depend on.Space-related technology must be developed for an alternative.
Thirdly, knowledge of outer space is essential for us to understand future earth.
For example, via space technology we now know that Venus is much hotter than the earth even though it’s the same size and spins at a similar distance from the Sun.
Space technology also tells us that the green house effect on Venus can make it a harsh environment to inhabit.Therefore, we can see that global warming is also a huge threat for the earth.Without space technology we could not understand our own planet as well as we do.
To conclude, I think space technology should be improved.

250字

草案

1. 地球と似た惑星を見つけることができる⇒人口増加問題解決

2. 代替エネルギーを見つけることができる⇒エネルギー問題解決

3. 地球の環境がどのようになるのか、予想できる⇒環境問題の解決

上記3つより、宇宙科学に投資すべき

医療技術(科学)は社会に有益か?

回答例

It is often said that improvements in medical technology are beneficial to society because our lifespan increases and infants survive more often compared with previous generations. However, I think it is not always good for our society.
The first reason is population growth. Due to the improved medical technology, the population continues to grow. By 2050 it will reach 10 billion. This over population affects the earth adversely. For example, people in developed countries can not afford enough food and die by starvation. Global warming accelerated by the increased human activities destroys natural environments. In the future, our society will experience more and more conflicts because it is required to survive in a tough world.
Second reason is that increasing longevity does not lead to a happy life. Today in developed countries such as Japan and E.U. people can live around 80 years old because advanced medicine and superior surgeons can cure diseases that were fatal. However, some old people are not happy. They are suffering from loneliness and they have to live with a meager pension.
Third reason is that medical technology is really expensive and everyone can not access it. In order to develop the latest medical technology, large investment is needed. So when it comes to practical use, patients have to afford a large investment but poor people cannot.
For the three reasons mentioned above, I can say with confidence that technological development in medical world does not lead to more beneficial society.

246字

草案

1. 人口増加につながる⇒環境問題や貧困・紛争

2. 寿命が長くなる⇒幸せな生活にはならない

3. コストが高い⇒皆が医療技術を享受できない(不平等)

上記3つより社会に有益とは言えない

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